Project results

Flexible Industrial Demand Assessment: Case Studies Summary

The report summarizes the results of demand response audits (DRA) at the premises of different energy intensive companies in various European countries for various business models.

A demand response audit (DRA) is a generic approach for identifying, evaluating, and exploitation of flexibility in a flexible industrial demand (FID). It can be used either for exploitation purposes of existing flexibility in the process, or during the process upgrade to make it more flexible (“design for flexibility”).


Policy Recommendations

This document starts from the business models proposed by the IndustRE project and formulates country-specific and Europe-wide policy recommendations that are necessary for the full value of these business models to be made available to the market players.


Quantifying the Economic Benefits of Flexible Industrial Demand

This report quantifies the economic benefits that flexible industrial demand (FID) can bring in the European context. The first part of the report looks at the economic benefits from the perspective of the whole power system (i.e. the societal perspective). The second part of the report assesses the economic benefits from the perspective of a single flexible industrial consumer.


Simplified methodology for optimal valorization of Flexible Industrial Demand

This report presents a simplified version of our methodology for assessing the flexibility of industrial electricity users and its value. The simplification aims at satisfying the following requirements:

  • Being cost effective and time efficient
  • Resulting in estimations that are of a sufficient accuracy for decision making
  • The user requires no specific modelling and optimization expertise

Case Studies Candidates Selection

IndustRE has selected 6 potential case study candidates covering 5 countries and 4 industry sectors on which the methodology for optimal valorization of flexible industrial demand will be applied. This document provides an overview on the selection process of the candidates.


Model Contracts

Bilateral agreements for the supply of variable renewable electricity to industrial users with flexible demand.

Two of the business models identified by the IndustRE project in the report “Business Models and Market Barriers” for reaping the benefits of flexible industrial demand, directly involve industrial electricity users and variable energy producers.

This report, as an “implementation tool” to facilitate the adoption of those business models, sets the foundations for developing bilateral contracts, which can be used by the involved parties in order to sort out their mutual relations both in case there is on-site and off-site variable renewable energy generation.

These model contracts have been adopted and translated into the national language of the following countries:

Business Model / Country Electricity Bill Reduction with on-site VRE Supply from a VRE Plant through the Public Grid
Belgium in French in French
France in French in French
Italy in Italian in Italian
Germany in German in German
Spain in Spanish in Spanish
UK in English in English



Adapted methodology for optimal valorization of Flexible Industrial Electricity Demand

This report relies on the previous IndustRE analysis of the regulatory context in the target countries and the business models that were identified. In doing so it goes a step further by a) looking at the local regulatory context for flexible demand b) defining the most suitable business models in relation to electricity market design and actors in target countries c) investigating the flexibility potentials in the countries and d) looking if and how a price for flexible demand in the target countries can be assigned.

Finally this information is brought together to define specific business models. Besides this a methodology for their calculation is specified.


Business models and market barriers

This IndustRE report was developed by the Institute for Research in Technology (IIT), of Universidad Pontificia Comillas, with contributions from all project partners. It defines and describes the most suitable business models for the exploitation of demand flexibility by industrial consumers, either on their own or involving Variable Renewable Energy (VRE) generation.

This report also provides a clear picture of the regulatory and market frameworks, highlighting how they affect the implementation of these business models, especially in a set of target countries defined in the context of the IndustRE project (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and UK).

In addition, the report presents the views and opinions of relevant stakeholders, such as system operators, regulators, industries and market agents, regarding existing barriers and opportunities for these business models and as a result, it exposes a set of preliminary recommendations for regulators and policymakers to help them improving the regulatory and market conditions.


Stakeholder Consultation Process

This report provides an overview of the stakeholder consultation process, which aimed to present the IndustRE business models, identify the point of view of different stakeholders on the applicability or feasibility of the business models as well as gather input on what actions are needed to enable their feasibility in the future. During the consultation process input was collected through a) an online survey on "Innovative Business Models making use of Flexibility in Industrial Electricity Demand", b) a stakeholders workshop organised on October 27th, 2015 in Brussels, and c) bilateral in-depth phone discussions with selected stakeholders.


Regulatory and Market Framework Analysis

This is a working document, developed under the IndustRE scope, which assesses the impact of the regulatory and market framework on the IndustRE business models for each of the target countries: Belgium, France, Spain, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom. This document also defines the starting point for discussion with the stakeholders in order to identify the main barriers to exploitation of business models that lead to win-win situations both for Flexible Industrial Demand and Variable Renewable Energy.